Theodorou AA1, Tokmakidis SP2.
– 56 elderly diagnosed with coronary artery disease divided into 4 groups with 8 months training:
(3) combined (aerobic + resistance)
1. The resistance exercise caused significant increases mainly in muscle strength
2. Aerobic exercise caused favourable effects mostly on lipid and apolipoprotein profiles
3. Combined Exercise:
– significant favourable effects on both physiological (i.e. muscle strength) and biochemical (i.e. lipid and apolipoprotein profile and inflammation status) parameters
– The return to baseline values during the detraining period was slower compared to the other exercise modalities
Irving BA1, Sreekumaran Nair K.
OBJECTIVE & METHOD
– 8 wks combined training (CT), endurance training (ET) or resistance training (RT)
– 34 young (18-30 y) and 31 older (≥65 y) adults
(1) ET and CT significantly increased oxidative capacity and expression of mitochondrial proteins and transcription factors
(2) All training modalities improved body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and skeletal muscle strength
(3) CT induced the most improvements in mitochondrial related outcomes and physical characteristics despite lower training volumes for the ET and RT
(4) Importantly, most of the adaptations to training occurred independent of age
Lee JS, et al.
– 19 women, aged 65-75 years
– 8-wk combined exercise program benefits body comp, especially lean mass, and positively affects isokinetic strength and CVD risk factors
Cadore EL, Izquierdo M
RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS
(1) CT most effective to improve neuromuscular and cardiorespiratory functions as well as functional capacity
(2) The combination of strength and endurance training produces both neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations in the elderly
(3) Performing strength prior to endurance exercise may optimize both neuromuscular and cardiovascular gains