HEALTH – T2 DIABETES – STRENGTH TRAINING


6 RESEARCH ARTICLES


MAY THE FORCE BE WITH YOU – WHY RESISTANCE TRAINING IS ESSENTIAL FOR T2D – 2018


– Physical activity, together with diet and pharmacological therapy, represents one of the three cornerstones in type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment and care
– The therapeutic appeal of regular physical activity stems from:
(i) its non-pharmacological nature
(ii) its beneficial effects on the metabolic risk factors associated with diabetes complications
(iii) its low costs


RESISTANCE TRAINING TO IMPROVE TYPE 2 DIABETES – 2017


– Resistance training (RT) promotes health benefits through increased skeletal muscle mass and qualitative adaptations
– T2D is a disease typically characterized by altered muscle mitochondrial function
– Mitochondrial adaptations triggered by RT provide evidence for RT as a feasible lifestyle recommendation to combat T2D


STRENGTH TRAINING AND THE RISK OF T2D AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE – 2017


PURPOSE
– Examine the association of strength training with incident type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk
– We followed 35,754 healthy women (mean age = 62, range = 47-98)
RESULTS
1. Compared with women who reported no strength training, women engaging in any strength training experienced a reduced rate of type 2 diabetes of 30%
2. A risk reduction of 17% was observed for cardiovascular disease among women engaging in strength training
3. Additional risk reductions for both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease compared with participation in aerobic activity only


STRENGTH TRAINING IMPROVES MUSCLE AEROBIC CAPACITY AND GLUCOSE TOLERANCE IN ELDERLY – 2015


AIM
– Investigate the effect of short-term resistance training (RET) on mitochondrial protein content and glucose tolerance in elderly
– Elderly women and men (age 71 ± 1) were assigned to a group performing
a) 8 wks of resistance training (RET, n = 12)
b) no training (CON, n = 9)
RESULTS
The RET group increased in:
(1) knee extensor strength
(2) initial (0–30 ms) rate of force development
(3) contents of proteins related to signaling of muscle protein synthesis
(4) RET resulted in improved oral glucose tolerance and reduced plasma glucose 2 h post-glucose intake


DYNAPENIC OBESITY AND THE RISK OF T2D – 2015


RESULTS
(1) For each unit increase in grip strength, there was a reduction in diabetes risk
(2) Risk of T2D was elevated in all obese participants, but was greatest in those with low handgrip strength compared with non-obese individuals with high handgrip strength


RESISTANCE TRAINING FOR DIABETES PREVENTION – 2013


– T2D is characterized by insulin resistance, impaired glycogen synthesis, lipid accumulation, impaired mitochondrial function
– Resistance Training is increasingly establishing itself as an effective measure to improve overall metabolic health and reduce metabolic risk factors


 

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