SLEEP – INJURY & ILLNESS PREVENTION


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CHRONIC LACK OF SLEEP IS ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED SPORTS INJURIES IN ADOLESCENT ATHLETES – 2014


Milewski MD1Skaggs DLBishop GAPace JLIbrahim DAWren TABarzdukas A
BACKGROUND:
– Much attention has been given to the relationship between various training factors and athletic injuries, but no study has examined the impact of sleep deprivation on injury rates in young athletes.
– Information about sleep practices was gathered to correlate various training practices with the risk of injury in adolescent athletes.
METHODS:
–  Informed consent for participation in an online survey of training practices and a review of injury records was obtained from 160 student athletes at a combined middle/high school (grades 7 to 12) and from their parents.
– Online surveys by 112 adolescent athletes (70% completion rate), including 54 male and 58 female athletes with mean age of 15 yrs (12 to 18 y)
– Responses were then correlated with data obtained from a retrospective review of injury records maintained by the school’s athletic department.
RESULTS:
(1) Multivariate analysis showed that hours of sleep per night and the grade in school were the best independent predictors of injury.
(2) Athletes who slept on average <8 hours per night were 1.7 times more likely to have had an injury compared with athletes who slept for ≥8 hours.
(3) For each additional grade in school, the athletes were 1.4 times more likely to have had an injury
CONCLUSION:
– Sleep deprivation and increasing grade in school appear to be associated with injuries in an adolescent athletic population.
– Encouraging young athletes to get optimal amounts of sleep may help protect them against athletic injuries


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