HEALTH – THE BRAIN – EXERCISE


3 RESEARCH ARTICLES +  2 GRAPHICS – CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE



LIGHT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IS POSITIVELY ASSOCIATED WITH COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE IN OLDER ADULTS – 2016


METHOD
– 188 community-dwelling older adults (53.7% female; 63.98±7.3 years)
– 7 day physical activity behaviour monitoring
CONCLUSIONS
– Light physical activity is associated with higher executive functioning in community-dwelling older adults
– This strengthens the evidence supporting exercise as a neuroprotective agent


ASSOCIATION BETWEEN LIFETIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING IN MIDDLE AGED AND OLDER ADULTS – 2015


– Gill SJ, et al
METHODS
– 226 (52.2% female) community dwelling middle-aged and older adults (66.5±6.4 yrs) in the Brain in Motion Study
– Completed the Lifetime Total Physical Activity Questionnaire and underwent neuropsychological and cerebrovascular blood flow testing
CONCLUSION
– Significant associations between higher levels of PA (i.e., total lifetime, recreational, vigorous PA, and past year) and better cognitive function in later life


12 WK PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE EXERCISE PROGRAM CAN IMPROVE COGNITIVE FUNCTION AND NEURAL EFFICIENCY IN OLDER ADULTS – 2015


Nishiguchi S Yamada M Tanigawa T Sekiyama K Kawagoe T Suzuki M, et al.
PARTICIPANTS
– Community-dwelling older adults (N = 48) were randomized into an exercise group (n = 24) and a control group (n = 24).
INTERVENTION
– Exercise group received a weekly dual task-based multimodal exercise class in combination with pedometer-based daily walking exercise during the 12-wk intervention phase
– Control group did not receive any intervention and were instructed to spend their time as usual during the intervention phase
CONCLUSION
– The program improved the efficiency of brain activation which is associated with improvements in memory and executive function


 

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