ELBOW – TENDINOPATHY EXPLAINED & DIAGNOSIS
– Tennis & Golfer’s Elbow
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- TENDINOPATHY: is typically used to describe any problem involving a tendon. The tendons can be worn, injured, stretched, and/or torn.
- TENDONITIS: Once used to describe almost any tendon pain, medical professionals now only use the term tendonitis to describe acute inflammation of the tendon due to small (micro) tears (the suffix “itis” indicates inflammation)
- TENDINOSIS: is the non-inflammatory degeneration of a tendon. This degeneration can include changes to the structure or composition of the tendon. These changes often result from repetitive strain-injuries to a tendon without adequate time to heal.
COMPARISON FACTOR TENDONITIS TENDINOSIS Recovery time in acute cases 2 to 3 days 2 to 3 months Recovery time in chronic cases 4 to 6 weeks 3 to 6 months Long-term outlook with non-surgical treatment Almost 99% of cases recover completely Up to 80% of cases recover completely Treatment goals Decrease inflammation by: Rest, anti-inflammatory medication (short-term course), icing the tendon intermittently, and/or use of cast or splint Encourage formation of collagen and other proteins by: Physical therapy, exercise, and/or surgery (in some cases) Long-term outlook after surgery Almost 95% of cases recover after surgery 70 to 85% of cases recover after surgery Recovery time after surgery 3 to 4 weeks 4 to 6 months