INJURIES & CONDITIONS – CALF-ACHILLES-ANKLE-FOOT
NOTE: If you are injured you must see a Rehabilitation Professional. Nothing on this website is a substitute for that.
CALF MUSCLE STRAIN
- Videos + Graphics – Rehab Exercises for Calf Muscle Strain . Tarrant Physio; Dr. Jo Physio, Sports Injury Clinic
- Isometrics for Early Stage Rehab, Pain Relief and Tendon Strengthening .
- Shin Splints – Orthoinfo
– Pain along the inner edge of the shinbone (tibia). Any vigorous sports activity can bring on shin splints, especially if you are just starting a fitness program. Other factors that contribute to shin splints include having flat feet or abnormally rigid arches.
- Videos + Graphics – Shin Splints . Nguyen Chiro; Keeley Physio
- Tendinopathy: is typically used to describe any problem involving a tendon. The tendons can be worn, injured, stretched, and/or torn.
- Tendinitis: acute inflammation of the tendon due to small (micro) tears (the suffix “itis” indicates inflammation)
- Tendinosis: non-inflammatory degeneration of a tendon from repetitive strain-injuries without adequate time to heal. Sports Health
- Achilles Tendinitis – Orthoinfo
(1) Noninsertional: middle portion of the tendon (above where it attaches to the heel). Over time, fibers break down and develop tiny tears. This can lead to tendon swelling and thickening. Noninsertional tendinitis more commonly affects younger, active people, especially runners.
(2) Insertional: lower portion of the tendon, where it attaches (inserts) to the heel bone (calcaneus). In both noninsertional and insertional damaged tendon fibers may calcify (harden) over time. Bone spurs often form on the heel with insertional Achilles tendinitis. Insertional Achilles tendinitis can occur at any time or activity level, although it is still most common in runners. It is frequently caused by calf muscle tightness, which places increased stress on the Achilles tendon insertion.
- Videos – Achilles Tendinopathy . Kaitlyn Physio, Harden Chiro, Physiotutors, Keeley Physio, Lawrence Physio
- Chart + Graphics – Achilles Tendinopathy .
- Ankle Sprain – Orthoinfo
– An ankle sprain occurs when the strong ligaments that support the ankle stretch beyond their limits and tear.
- Ankle Sprain – Physiopedia
- Videos – Ankle Sprain . Kaitlyn Physio; Keeley Physio; Michigan Foot Doctor
- Graphics – Ankle Sprain .
FEET – PLANTAR FASCIITIS
- Plantar Fasciitis: Orthoinfo
– Plantar fasciitis (fashee-EYE-tiss) occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed.
- Plantar Fasciitis – Physiopedia
– Results from collagen degeneration of the plantar fascia at the origin, the calcaneal tuberosity of the heel and surrounding perifascial structures
- Videos + Graphics – Plantar Fasciitis – Massage, Rolling & Strengthen .
- Videos + Graphics – Plantar Fasciitis – Stretching Feet & Toes .
FEET – FLAT FEET
- Flat Feet . Physiopedia
– Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) insufficiency is the most common cause of adult-acquired flatfoot deformity
– Failure of the tendon affects surrounding ligamentous structures and will eventually lead to bony involvement and deformity
- Videos + Graphics – Flat Feet .
FEET – BUNIONS
- Bunions . Orthoinfo
– A bunion is a painful bony bump that develops on the inside of the foot at the big toe joint. Bunions are often referred to as hallux valgus.
– Bunions develop slowly. Pressure on the big toe joint causes the big toe to lean toward the second toe.
– Over time, normal structure of the bone changes, resulting in bunion bump. This deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to wear shoes or walk.
– Anyone can get a bunion, but they are more common in women. Many women wear tight, narrow shoes that squeeze the toes together—which makes it more likely for a bunion to develop, worsen and cause painful symptoms.
– In most cases, bunion pain is relieved by wearing wider shoes with adequate toe room and using other simple treatments to reduce pressure on the big toe.
- Videos + Graphics – Bunions .
- Foot Drop – Mayo Clinic
– A general term for difficulty lifting the front part of the foot. If you have foot drop, the front of your foot might drag on the ground when you walk.
– Foot drop isn’t a disease. Rather, it is a sign of an underlying neurological, muscular or anatomical problem. Sometimes foot drop is temporary, but it can be permanent.
– If you have foot drop, you might need to wear a brace on your ankle and foot to support the foot and hold it in position.
- Videos + Graphics – Foot Drop .
- LisFranc Injury – Orthoinfo
– Lisfranc (midfoot) injuries result if bones in the midfoot are broken or ligaments that support the midfoot are torn.
– The severity can vary widely — from a simple injury involving one midfoot joint to a complex injury involving many midfoot joints and broken bones.
– Midfoot fracture dislocations are named after French surgeon who served in the Napoleonic army in the 1800s and observed midfoot injuries in cavalry soldiers.
– A simple Lisfranc injury can be easily mistaken for a sprain, especially if the injury is a result of a straightforward twist and fall.
– However, injury to the Lisfranc joint is not a simple sprain that should be “walked off” or expected to heal quickly.
– Even a simple Lisfranc injury is a severe injury that may take many months to heal and may require surgery to treat.