LB-LOWER-LEG-INJURIES-CONDITIONS


INJURIES & CONDITIONS – CALF-ACHILLES-ANKLE-FOOT


NOTE: If you are injured you must see a Rehabilitation Professional. Nothing on this website is a substitute for that.



REHAB & PAIN RELIEF EXERCISES



CALF MUSCLE STRAIN 



SHIN SPLINTS


  • Shin Splints– Orthoinfo
    – P
    ain along the inner edge of the shinbone (tibia). Any vigorous sports activity can bring on shin splints, especially if you are just starting a fitness program. Other factors that contribute to shin splints include having flat feet or abnormally rigid arches.
  • 2 Videos + 2 Graphics – Shin Splints . Nguyen Chiro; Keeley Physio – December 29, 2022 

ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY


  • Tendinopathy: is typically used to describe any problem involving a tendon. The tendons can be worn, injured, stretched, and/or torn.
  • Tendinitis: acute inflammation of the tendon due to small (micro) tears (the suffix “itis” indicates inflammation)
  • Tendinosis: non-inflammatory degeneration of a tendon from repetitive strain-injuries without adequate time to heal. Sports Health
  • Achilles Tendinitis – Orthoinfo
    (1) Noninsertional: middle portion of the tendon (above where it attaches to the heel). Over time, fibers break down and develop tiny tears. This can lead to tendon swelling and thickening. Noninsertional tendinitis more commonly affects younger, active people, especially runners.
    (2) Insertional: lower portion of the tendon, where it attaches (inserts) to the heel bone (calcaneus). In both noninsertional and insertional damaged tendon fibers may calcify (harden) over time. Bone spurs often form on the heel with insertional Achilles tendinitis. Insertional Achilles tendinitis can occur at any time or activity level, although it is still most common in runners. It is frequently caused by calf muscle tightness, which places increased stress on the Achilles tendon insertion.
  • 7 Videos – Achilles Tendinopathy . Kaitlyn Physio, Harden Chiro, Physiotutors, Keeley Physio, Lawrence Physio

ANKLE SPRAIN


  • Ankle Sprain – Orthoinfo
    – An ankle sprain occurs when the strong ligaments that support the ankle stretch beyond their limits and tear.
  • Ankle Sprain – Physiopedia
  • 11 Videos – Ankle Sprain . Kaitlyn Physio; Keeley Physio; Michigan Foot Doctor – December 29, 2022

FEET – PLANTAR FASCIITIS



FEET – FLAT FEET


  • Flat Feet . Physiopedia
    – Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) insufficiency is the most common cause of adult-acquired flatfoot deformity
    – Failure of the tendon affects surrounding ligamentous structures and will eventually lead to bony involvement and deformity
  • 7 Videos + 9 Graphics – Flat Feet . December 29, 2022

FEET – BUNIONS


  • Bunions . Orthoinfo
    – A bunion is a painful bony bump that develops on the inside of the foot at the big toe joint. Bunions are often referred to as hallux valgus.
    – Bunions develop slowly. Pressure on the big toe joint causes the big toe to lean toward the second toe.
    – Over time, normal structure of the bone changes, resulting in bunion bump. This deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to wear shoes or walk.
    – Anyone can get a bunion, but they are more common in women. Many women wear tight, narrow shoes that squeeze the toes together—which makes it more likely for a bunion to develop, worsen and cause painful symptoms.
    – In most cases, bunion pain is relieved by wearing wider shoes with adequate toe room and using other simple treatments to reduce pressure on the big toe.
  • 2 Videos + 4 Graphics – Bunions . December 29, 2022

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