ABS-X-EXERCISES


ABS – EXERCISES


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ANATOMY 


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TRAINING


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AGING


Trunk Exercise Training Improves Muscle Size, Strength and Function in Older Adults – 2019
Procedure
–  assess the effectiveness of a multimodal exercise program to increase trunk muscle morphology and strength in older individuals, and their associated changes in functional ability.
– 64 older adults (≥60 years); 2-week exercise program comprising walking and balance exercises with or without trunk strengthening/motor control exercises; followed by a 6-week walking-only program (detraining; 32 per group)


COMPARING ABDOMINAL EXERCISES


Core Training – PDF File – 2006 – McBride


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RECTUS ABDOMINIS, EXTERNAL & INTERAL OBLIQUE, ERECTOR SPINAE
– Dynamic & Static Exercises


Trunk Muscle Activities During Abdominal Bracing: Comparison Among Muscles and Exercises – 2013 – Maeo
5 Static Exercises
· Abdominal Bracing, Abdominal Hollowing | Prone Plank, Side Plank, Supine Plank
5 Dynamic Exercises
· V-sits, Sit-ups Feet Anchored, Curl-ups | Back Extensions on the floor, Back Extensions on a bench
Results
Rectus Abdominis: V-Sit 80 . Sit-up feet anchored 44 . Curl-up 44 . Prone Plank 30
External Oblique: V-Sit 65 . Sit-up feet anchored 44 . Curl-up 36 . Side Plank 36
Internal Oblique: Abdominal Hollowing 62 . Abdominal Bracing 60 . V-Sit 50 . Sit-up feet anchored 36
Erector Spinae: Floor back extension 62 . Bench back extensions 58 . Supine Plank 36

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RECTUS ABDOMINIS, EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
– Multiple Exercises


ACE RESEARCH STUDY ON ABS – PDF File – 2001
Exercises – see PDF File
Traditional Crunch; Long Arm Crunch; Big Ball Crunch; Legs Vertical Crunch
VKR – vertical knee raise ; Reverse Crunch knees bent on floor
Rollout Variation: Torso Track
Results
Rectus Abdominis:
.- VKR 212 . Big Ball Crunch 139 . Crunch legs vertical 129 . Torso Track 127 . Long arm crunch 119 . Reverse Crunch knees bent 109 . Crunch 100
Obliques:
VKR 319 . Reverse Crunch knees bent 240 . Crunch legs vertical 216 . Big Ball Crunch 147 . Torso Track 145 . Long arm crunch 118 . Crunch 100


RECTUS ABDOMINIS UPPER & LOWER, EXTERNAL & INTERAL OBLIQUE
– Dynamic & Static Exercises


ACE RESEARCH STUDY ON ABS – 2014
Note: Captain’s Chair is Knee-ups with forearms supported
Upper Rectus Abdominis:
– Decline Bench Curl up 108 . Big Ball Crunch 104 . Traditional Crunch 100 . VKR 86 . Knee-up Straps 82 . Ab Wheel Rollout 80
Lower Rectus Abdominis:
Traditional Crunch 100 . Decline Bench Curl up 100 . Big Ball Crunch 98Knee-up Straps 98 . VKR 96 . Ab Wheel Rollout 95
External Obliques:
– Ab Wheel Rollout 180 . Decline Bench Curl up 162Knee-up Straps 158 . VKR 142 . Big Ball Crunch 120 . Traditional Crunch 100

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RECTUS ABDOMINIS UPPER & LOWER, EXTERNAL & INTERAL OBLIQUE
– Dynamic & Static Exercises


Electromyographic analysis of traditional and nontraditional abdominal exercises: implications for rehabilitation and training – Escamilla – 2006
Results
Upper Rectus Abdominis:
Reverse Crunch 30º Incline 78 . Wheel Rollout 77 . Hanging Knee-up 70 . Crunch 58
Lower Rectus Abdominis:
Wheel Rollout 80 . Hanging Knee-up 77 . Wheel Pike 56Reverse Crunch 30º Incline 52 . Crunch 48 . Wheel Knee-up 45
External Obliques:
Wheel Pike 96 . Wheel Knee-up 80Hanging Knee-up 80Wheel Rollout 65 . Reverse Crunch with Weights 55
Internal Obliques:
– Reverse Crunch 30º Incline 86
. Hanging Knee-up 86 . Wheel Pike 82 . Reverse Crunch 55

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PSOAS MAJOR, QUADRATUS LUMBORUM
RECTUS ABDOMINIS, EXTERNAL OBLIQUE

– Bridges/Planks


Evaluation of Psoas Major and Quadratus Lumborum Recruitment Using Imaging Before and After 5 Trunk Exercises – Imai – 2017
Procedure
– Diffusion‐weighted imaging is a noninvasive MRI – magnetic resonance imaging technique that can be used to assess the recruitment of muscles
Exercises
(A) front bridge hand‐knee: bird-dog
(B) front bridge elbow (forearm)‐knee: bird-dog variation
(C) front bridge elbow (forearm)‐toes: bird-dog variation
(D) side bridge
(E) knee raise: edge of table; knees flexed 90º at start of lift
Results for Right Side
Psoas Major (PM): bird dog elbow-toes 14.  knee raise 12 . bird dog elbow‐knee 8 . side bridge 5 . bird dog hand-knee 1
Quadratus Lumborum (QL): side bridge 15
Rectus Abdominis: bird dog elbow-toes 10 . knee raise 9 . side bridge 8 . bird dog elbow-knee 7 . bird dog hand-knee 3
Obliques – Lateral Abdominals: bird dog elbow-toes 12 . knee raise 10 . side bridge 10 . bird dog elbow-knee 7 . bird dog hand-knee 1

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